The City of Johannesburg is embarking on new spatial plans in line with Joburg 2040, the Growth Development Strategy, based on transport-orientated development. The shape of the future city will consist of well-planned transport arteries – the Corridors of Freedom – linked to interchanges where the focus will be on mixed-use development. Joburgers will then not have to use private motorised transport but can opt for the alternative means, which include cycling, bus lanes and pedestrian walkways.
The Corridors of Freedom will transform entrenched settlement patterns, which have shunted the majority of residents to the city’s outskirts, away from economic opportunities and access to jobs and growth. Gone will be the days of being forced to rise at dawn to catch a train, bus or taxi to a place of work. Families will be able to have quality time, with spouses and children sharing meals together in the evening.
Access to opportunity
The Corridors of Freedom will usher a new era of access to opportunity and a choice for residents to work, stay and play within the same space, without the inconvenience and high costs of travelling long distances every day.
The transit-orientated developments include the Bus Rapid Transit system, Rea Vaya, which will have fast, safe and affordable mobility along the corridors.
Thus these corridors – the Corridors of Freedom - will give residents increased freedom of movement as well as economic freedom – liberating them from apartheid spatial legacy characterised by informal settlements, poor schooling and limited recreational spaces.
Johannesburg’s transport system will comprise well-planned transport arteries: - the Corridors of Freedom – linked to mixed-use development nodes with high density accommodation supported by office buildings, retail developments and opportunities for education, leisure and recreation.
This will give rise to a people-centred city where communities’ needs, their safety, comfort and economic well-being are placed at the core of planning and delivery processes. The Corridors of Freedom will result in reduced poverty for the majority of the City’s residents, who are currently spending a large percentage of their income on transport.
The new city skyline will see high-rise residential developments growing around the transit nodes, gradually decreasing in height and density as they move further away from the core. Social infrastructure, schools, clinics, police stations and government offices will be strategically located to support the growing population.
Through the Corridors of Freedom Johannesburg will make a decisive turn towards a low-carbon future with eco-efficient infrastructure that underpins a sustainable environment.
Over the course of this year consultations will be held with residents and stakeholders to finalise the corridors’ routes and nodes. The consultations will focus on the following areas:
In the medium term - 2016
- Soweto to the Central Business District (CBD) along Perth Empire
- CBD to Alexandra
- Alexandra to Sandton
- Turfontein node
- Mining Belt
- In the long term - 2040
- Sandton/Randburg to Diepsloot
- Alexandra to Ivory Park
Apartheid spatial planning has left the city with sprawling low-density areas without viable public transport systems. The majority of working class and poor citizens are still living on the fringes of the CBD and have to commute distances to get to work.
Private car use is a significant driver of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the city. A 10%shift of private car users to public transport for their daily commute will result in an 8% reduction in energy consumption.
Future planning must address sustainability and inequity. The most efficient urban form is compact, mixed land-use with an extensive public transport network that includes high intensity movement corridors and with attractive environments for walking and cycling.
Such a compact city is energy efficient, provides residents with greater access to servi ces, promotes social cohesion and creates a vibrant urban environment.