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​First buildings​
​It is believed that the first tent went up on 9 July 1886, two months before the gold diggings were declared. It belonged to J Paxton De Roi.
The first building of any consequence was the Central Hotel, in Ferreira's Camp, made of wood. Later, when Randjeslaagte (a triangle of left-over farm land) was proclaimed as the new town, FH Bussey, the owner of Central Hotel, built a new hotel on the corner of Commissioner and Sauer streets, of stone quarried from Doornfontein.
Shops sprung up quite quickly: in 1886 the first chemist was opened in Commissioner Street by a Mr Heymann, called the Golden Mortar Dispensary. The first café, the Café Francais, was in Ferreira's Camp, on the corner of Market and Joubert streets.
Perhaps Café Francais sold some of the first chewing gum in the town - in 1895 Beeman's Pepsin Chewing Gum was sold, introduced by AA Officer. The first school was opened in Ferreira's camp in November 1886, just two months after the town was started. There were 14 pupils, and H Duff was the teacher. He managed to build a schoolhouse, which, he says, "though unpretentious, yet sufficient for the purpose, at least until some more definiteness be attained in the population and that fixity which will encourage the people to provide a permanent place for the instruction of youth". He goes on to say that the cost of the building was £7.10 plus £14 for furnishings, an amount he thought was "perhaps not without reason that this was a public matter I have started a subscription to defray the deficit".
The first church building to go up was the Methodist Church in 1887, on the site of the present-day His Majesty's Theatre, in Commissioner Street. The first hospital was located on the corner of Simmonds and Main streets. It's not known when it was built.
The first female office worker was Miss Letty Impey (later Mrs Tandy), who, in around 1894 worked for the solicitor Henry Lindsay. She knew shorthand and sat is Lindsay's office boy's office with a screen around her for privacy as it was not "quite proper" to be seen. Smith says that "every man in Johannesburg came and looked behind the screen".