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The rapid growth of daily motorists commuting between Johannesburg and Pretoria has sparked a multi-billion rand initiative to build the country's first bullet train. The 80km high-speed rail link between Johannesburg, Pretoria and Johannesburg International Airport will relieve congestion on some of the busiest highways in the southern hemisphere. Construction on the "Gautrain" is expected to begin in 2005.

The country has over 25% of the railroad track in Africa and Gauteng - particularly Johannesburg - is the hub of the rail network. The city is connected by rail to all the main cities and ports in the sub-continent including Harare, Maputo, Durban, Richards Bay, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town. The recently upgraded Park Station in Johannesburg is the largest commuter station in South Africa. Almost 10% of the inner city's work force arrives each day by train.​​